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NEVADA LLC TAXES

A limited-liability company is a form of business entity, often considered to be a private limited company. It provides businesses with numerous benefits including limited liability, flexible management structure and no double taxation on LLC distributions. The working of an LLC in the “Silver State” is governed by the Nevada Revised Statutes and this includes annual requirements and Nevada LLC tax.

Introduction – Nevada LLC Taxes

Nevada is a popular state for business because it has virtually no “state level” Nevada LLC tax. Some of the taxes not applicable to business entities include:

  • Corporate income tax
  • Franchise tax on income
  • Personal income tax
  • Unitary tax
  • Admissions tax
  • Gift tax or estate tax

Of course, there are certain taxes that your limited-liability company may have to file in Nevada. When we talk of federal income tax, an LLC is treated as a pass-through entity. Does it mean such entities are not required to file Nevada business income tax? Yes, it does and for that we need to identify what a pass-through entity really is for tax purposes.

A pass-through entity is basically a type of business structure where the primary goal is to reduce or remove double taxation. A pass-through entity will not be required to file Nevada LLC tax at the corporate level and instead the tax will have to be filed by an individual or owners of an LLC. Thus, the income generated by a limited liability company will be taxed at an individual tax rate.

Here’s an example to help you understand how it works: A Nevada LLC named “DEF” will be a pass-through entity. When this business has to file a tax return then the Nevada LLC tax rate will be as follows:

Revenues – $2,000,000

Expenses – $1,000,000

Earnings Before Interest & Taxes (EBIT) – $500,000

Interest Paid – $200,000

Earnings Before Taxes (EBT) – $300,000

Taxes – $0

Net Income Available to Owners – $300,000

DEF has two owners named Martha and Josh and each of their ownership in the LLC is 50 percent. The LLC will send an IRS Schedule K-1 to both Martha and Josh and this schedule will report their portion of the pass-through income. So, Martha and Josh will file a Nevada LLC tax return with $150,000 as their incomes.

General Information about the Nevada LLC Taxes

Although a limited-liability company is a pass-through tax entity there are other unique aspects of Nevada business income tax as well. LLC is a type of business entity that enjoys the flexibility to choose the tax treatment it wants. It can choose to be taxed as any one of the following:

  • A Nevada LLC can elect to be taxed as an S Corporation. It will require Form 8832 and Form 2553 for the same.
  • It can choose to be taxed as a C Corporation as well using Form 8832.
  • Nevada LLC tax rate can also be defined by it choosing to be taxed as a Sole-Proprietorship and this is possible only for a single member LLC or a disregarded entity.

If a Nevada LLC chooses any of the above tax designations then it will not be able to change the tax treatment for a period of five years. There are finer aspects of Nevada LLC tax that business entities planning to register in the state need to be aware of. Some of them include:

  • If an LLC operates its business in Nevada then it will not be subject to any corporate or individual income tax but if it operates outside the state then it will be subjected to a tax treatment specific to the state it is operating in. Example: If you form an LLC in Nevada and operate your business in Nevada and New York then your business will have to file taxes in New York.
  • Nevada LLC tax has to be filed annually and this can only be filed after you register your business entity with the Secretary of State (SOS)
  • The Nevada LLC tax rate and amount to be filed will depend on the level of business activity and earnings.
  • It is also important to know that if your Nevada LLC has employees and reports gross wages to the Nevada Employment Security Division (ESD) then your limited-liability company will be subjected to modified business tax (MBT). The MBT is a type of Nevada business income tax and came into effect on July 1, 2015 through Senate Bill No. 483. MBT has to be paid to the Department of Taxation.
  • Apart from the modified business tax, Nevada now imposes Commerce Tax on gross revenue pursuant to Nevada Administrative Code, NAC 363C. This tax has to be paid to the Nevada Department of Taxation.
  • If you are a domestic business entity in Nevada but are pursuing business activity in another state then you will be treated as a foreign entity in that state and may be required to file franchise taxes. However, your LLC will not be required to pay any Nevada LLC tax like inventory or franchise taxes in the state.

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Federal Taxes for your Nevada LLC

A limited liability company (LLC) in Nevada with a default tax election means such an LLC is not considered as a tax paying entity but as a tax reporting entity by the IRS. The federal Nevada LLC tax by the Internal Revenue Service can be defined according to the number of LLC Members.

If you form a single-member limited liability company that has not been elected for treatment as a corporation, then such an LLC will be known as a “disregarded entity” for Nevada LLC tax purposes. The activities of such an LLC will be reflected on the owner’s federal tax return.

The Nevada business income tax will depend on the owner of the LLC. The activities of such LLC’s will be reflected according to the owner as:

  • If it is a single owner LLC where the owner is an individual then the Nevada LLC tax rate would be like that of a Sole Proprietorship. The individual would have to file Form 1040 Schedule C, Form 1040 Schedule E, or Form 1040 Schedule F.
  • If the owner of an LLC is another business entity like a corporation or a partnership then the Nevada LLC needs to be reflected on the federal tax return of the owner as a division of business entity (corporation or partnership).

It is important to note that a single member LLC or disregarded entity will be required to use the owner’s social security number (SSN) or employer identification number (EIN) for all federal income tax or Nevada LLC tax purposes.

Nevada State Business License for LLC

The Nevada state business license is an important aspect of Nevada LLC tax as without this license, an LLC will not become operational in the state. The business license is an annual requirement and you can apply for it along with the Articles of Organization. The business license has to be renewed each year when filing LLC annual list.

Nevada State Business Income Tax

Nevada has one of the most competitive business tax climates because there are no corporate income taxes, margin tax, or gross receipts tax. Hence, the state avoids heavy tax burdens that impair business activities and growth. The Nevada business income tax that an LLC has to file is known as the Modified Business Tax (MBT). The primary advantage of the MBT is ease of compliance and simplicity.

The Nevada Modified Business Tax (MBT) is basically a payroll tax that is levied on a limited-liability company irrespective of the number of owners. This Nevada business income tax is levied on those entities that are required to pay the unemployment insurance tax. It is collected on a quarterly basis.

This is a unique tax that exists only in Nevada and MBT has two classifications – general business and financial institutions. The Nevada LLC tax rate for general businesses is 1.475% and 2% for financial institutions on the sum of all wages taxable after deducting the cost of employee health insurance. However, the first $50,000 of gross wages of a Nevada LLC will not be taxable.

It is important to note that even if the wages are less than $50,000 and there is $0 tax due, the tax return has to be filed by the limited liability company. The Modified Nevada business income tax is paid to the Department of Taxation by the last day of the quarter.

Nevada Commerce Tax Return

On June 5, 2015, the Nevada Governor introduced the new “Commerce Tax” effective July 1, 2015 after the approval of Assembly Bill 380 and Senate Bill 483. This Nevada LLC tax also known as commerce tax will be levied on any business entity that has gross revenue of more than $4 million.

A “business entity” for this type of Nevada business income tax includes a partnership, corporation, limited liability company, sole proprietorship, and any other business entity engaged in business activity in the state. However, at the same time a limited-liability company will be excluded from the commerce tax if it derives at least 90% of their federal gross income from specific investment activities. An LLC will also be excluded from commerce tax if it is confined to business activities like owning, maintenance as well as management of intangible investments, including patents, bonds, trademarks, stocks, and trade names.

The Nevada LLC tax rate for commerce tax is based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and hence varies from 0.051% to 0.331%. Let’s look at an example:

The NAICS code for Agriculture, Fishing, Forestry, and Hunting is 11 and the Nevada LLC tax rate is 0.063%. If the business activity of an LLC focuses on Administrative and Support Services, whose NAICS code is 561 then the Nevada commerce tax rate would be 0.154%. At the same time, it is important to keep in mind that if a Nevada limited liability company is engaged in a business in more than one industry category then the tax rate would be determined by the industry category in which the gross revenue generated is higher.

Local Taxes for your LLC

Nevada has one of the most unique tax systems in the nation. Modified Business Tax exists only in Nevada and apart from commerce tax; there are some local Nevada LLC taxes that may be levied on businesses operating from this state. The different types of local taxes depending on your business activity include:

  • Sales and Use Tax
  • Live Entertainment Tax
  • Local School Support Tax
  • Basic City-County Relief Tax
  • Mines Tax
  • Liquor & Tobacco Excise Tax
  • Insurance Tax
  • Gaming Tax
  • Property Tax
  • Transportation Tax
  • Business License Tax

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